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Unit no. 319, Vlora (New Prison)

Emri Unit no. 319, Vlora (New Prison)
Vendndodhja: Vlora
Viti i Ndërtimit: 1952
Viti i Mbylljes: 1964
Burimi i Informacionit: Kastriot Dervishi, Burgjet dhe Kampet e Shqipërisë komuniste, ISKK publication

Due to the inadequate location of prison no. 11, in 1952 a new prison was designed as per the Soviet model. Its capacity was 400 prisoners, the location was in the Kushtrimi Neihbourhood at the entry of Vlora, 50 meters away from the Vlora-Fier national road. As soon as you entered Vlora, the first thing you noticed was the prison, with a terrifying view, surround by a 3-meter tall wall with barbed wire on top and guarded by towers. Within the surrounding walls there were four buildings: prison of enemies of the people, prison of ordinary prisoners, isolation rooms, cells and prison directorate. The cells were 2×1, 2×2, 2×3, 2×4, 2×6 meters. Tuberculosis, heart diseases, malaria were predominant in the prison.

On 30 October 1953, prisoners from the closed prisons of Gjirokastra and Berat came to this facility. In 1954, the prison held the prisoners of the counties of Vlora, Berat, Gjirokastra, with around 464 prisoners. In 1957 there were 266 political and 300 ordinary convicts in this prison. In 1958, 194 political and 190 ordinary convicts served their sentences. In 1962, there were 172 political and 262 ordinary convicts, totalling 434 prisoners.

As researcher Kastriot Dervishi, writes, convicts on death row were kept in the detainment centre of this prison, “they would be executed 300 or 500 meters away from the cells in the so-called “granary”, olive grove. The workers of the olive grove state company would regularly find bodies during their work. They were the “enemies of the people” who had been executed.”